sulabh swatchh bharat

Monday, 20-May-2019

Surviving maternity in India

Despite a steep decline of 69 per cent, maternal mortality rate in India is still very high.

45 thousand maternal deaths across the country is alone responsible for 15% of the worldwide death toll due to maternity, says a global report. This report was published by WHO and Lancet, yet categorizing India among progressive countries in terms of achieving MDG.

Millennium Development Goal (MDG) was a call for the reduction of maternal mortality ratio by three quarters between 1990 and 2015. Started by the UN, MDG is a challenge to assess the extent of progress in the countries. The WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division updated estimates of maternal mortality for the years 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005,2010 and 2015 studied in countries with population more than 1, 00,000 around the world.

India’s MMR (maternity mortality ratio) was estimated to be 556, 471, 374, 280, 215 and​ ​174 in years 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 respectively. The figures reflect a decent decline in mortality rate of approximately 69% in the 25 year time but due to the large population the country still contributes a large amount in the total maternal mortality of the world.

This figure for year 2015 in countries like Japan, US and UK is between 5 and 14, while the lowest mortality was recorded in Greece, Finland and Iceland with a mortality rate of 3 and highest in Sierra Leone with the death toll of 1360 in the country.

With the highest development recorded 90% in the Maldives many countries did not show any development in the death ratio at all while in countries such as Serbia, Guyana and South Africa the development in the ratio was actually inverted with a significant increase in maternal death.

The global maternal death ratio has actually gone down with 3, 03,000 maternal death in 2015 globally. Only a fraction of this figure 1700 to be exact is contributed by the developed regions of the world while the rest was by developing and underdeveloped countries.